09 January 2017

Books for Writers

by Steve Liskow

Well, 2017's a week old, but this is my first chance to wish everyone a Happy New Year dripping optimism and good intentions. Those good intentions show up in the resolutions we make and--sorry, but it's true--often break. Many writers vow to read more books, review more, attend more workshops, or improve their writing in some way, and I'm no different. Especially when I look back at how far I've come...and how much further I still need to go.

I tell people in my workshops that if you can read something you wrote more than two years ago without wincing, you have stopped growing as a writer. The only upside to low standards is they make you harder to disappoint.

In the 1970s, I wrote five deservedly unpublished novels. When retirement loomed in the new millennium, I knew I wanted to make at least one of those novels better and vowed to learn the craft, which I'd never bothered to do before. As an English teacher I knew how to write a decent sentence or paragraph, but I'd never learned how to tell a story. Once I retired, I attended workshops, joined writing groups, and read dozens of books on writing. I'd always read writing texts for the classroom, but now I had a different focus. It was the start of a much more arduous journey.

Since I began teaching, I have probably read over 1000 books on writing or how to teach writing, and it's a sad paradox that most of them are poorly written. English teachers worry more about formal correctness than style, and most creative writing classes are too big to give people individual attention. Writing is a personal thing and everyone does it or learns it differently, which is why composition classes have such mixed results. You need to do most of the work yourself.

And here's how. The following list is for potential fiction writers, not necessarily of mystery/crime, but slanted that way. These are the books that have helped me, which doesn't mean they will help you, too, but give them a shot.

PLOTTING:

The Anatomy of Story by John Truby                        This is geared toward screenwriting, but it covers premise, plot, character, setting, dialogue, and how to blend them into a cohesive whole better than any other book I've found.




Story Structure Architect by Victoria Lynn Schmidt          This expands Georges Polti's over-praised The 36 Dramatic Plot Situations from a century ago. Schmidt, also a screenwriter, is clear, concrete, practical and demanding. The offers many questions that will help you generate your own ideas in a lot of different forms.

Story by Robert McGee                   This has been considered the book for some time, and I think it gets a little more abstract and philosophical than it has to. I prefer Truby, but it's a matter of taste.

Scene & Structure by Jack Bickham                  Bickham's prose is dry but his discussion is crucial. Many later books refer to this one, which is appropriate because nobody else has explained the mechanics as well or as thoroughly.

The Writer's Journey by Christopher Vogler            One of many books on the Jungian/Campbell hero model, but more readable than most of the others. Like Schmidt, Vogler is a script doctor.

CHARACTER:

I've found more good books on character than on any other fact of fiction, and here are my faves.

Dynamic Characters by Nancy Kress
Character, Emotion and Viewpoint  also by Nancy Kress                     These two books repeat a little material, but Kress's discussion is concrete and practical. The first book includes a huge worksheet for developing a character that may be overkill but demonstrates how much there is to consider. It also has an excellent discussion different ways to handle internal monologue.

Character Naming Sourcebook by Sherrilyn Kenyon              There are several dictionaries of baby names and the like, but this one cross-references by nationality, meaning, and gender. It also has common surnames and explains how the language or culture developed those names.

45 Master Characters by Victoria Lynn Schmidt                Same author as the plot book. She uses mythology and Jung to sort the characters into types and has a concrete discussion of how various character complement each other to develop a deeper plot.

SPECIALIZED TECHNIQUES:

Dialogue by Gloria Kempton            There are few books on dialogue, and most of the others are terrible, including those geared toward play-writing. The belief seems to be that either you can write it or you can't (mostly the latter), but this book give you solid techniques and exercises that generate plot or character, too. It's cheaper than taking my workshop, too. ;-)

Hooked by Les Edgerton              Supposedly about openings, it covers several other aspects of fiction and ties them together well.

Description by Monica Wood                 A masterpiece about the technique everyone loves to overuse...badly. This book shows how description can strengthen theme, tone, character, setting, and everything else.

The Power of Point of View by Alicia Rasley

Setting by Jack Bickham                  Again, dry prose but a deep and thoughtful discussion of all aspects of how and why your location can make or break your plot and your characters.

REVISION AND EDITING:

Don't Sabotage Your Submission by Chris Roerden               If you don't already have this book, buy two copies, one as a spare for when you wear the first one out. Roerden is a former reader for a major publisher and also a ghost-writer. Here, she offers helpful--and often hilarious--examples of how to ruin your writing and how to fix it.

Revision and Self-Editing by James Scott Bell                This covers all the crucial issues above: plot, character, pacing, dialogue, tone, point of view, and gives helpful examples and exercises. Even though it's only one chapter, his discussion of dialogue is second only to Kempton's.

Story Fix by Larry Brooks                 Brooks offers a long discussion on the importance of a solid concept and premise, which few other books even mention. He makes a strong argument for tweaking that idea until it can support the mechanics of plot and character and shows how to strengthen your structure.

Self-Editing for Fiction Writers by Browne & King                 This has been around for quite awhile, mostly because it's very good.

Sin & Syntax by Constance Hale                 Discussing how to build a style and voice is both difficult and dangerous, but this book does it well. Again, many excellent and funny examples.

Alone With All That Could Happen by David Jauss                             This is a collection of essays on various aspects of writing fiction. Jauss's discussion of point of view leaves everyone else back on the wagon train, and his analysis of present tense is only slightly less brilliant.

You'll probably notice a few omissions. Yes, The Elements of Style is a crucial text, but it's better for exposition than it is for fiction. Writing narration as Strunk and White suggest can lead to a more clipped and impersonal voice than you might want for stories. That said, it's the be-all and end-all for crafting strong prose. I've also left off grammar books and dictionaries because I'm an old-fashioned grump.  If you don't know grammar, spelling, and punctuation already, why the hell do you think you should be a writer?

What are your favorite books that I've missed?

11 comments:

janice law said...

Stephen King's book on writing isn't instructional but it certainly gives an excellent picture of the work of becoming a writer. As for technique, I don't think one actually needs a guide book. I learned a good deal by destroying several favorite paperback books by marking up the segments with different color markers- i.e. one color for dialogue, one for action, one for exposition to see how they were assembled.
It's such an individual process that I don't think there is any one way to learn to tell stories.

Art Taylor said...

Thanks for the list here, Steve--especially since I don't know many of these books! I've always fallen back on a couple of texts I used (and have taught) in writing workshops, including Janet Burroway's Writing Fiction, John Gardner's The Art of Fiction, and Madison Smartt Bell's Narrative Design—among my favorites. Also enjoyed the short essays in Rules of Thumb, edited by Michael Martone and Susan Neville. Will be looking some of these others up for sure!

Eve Fisher said...

Oh, God, I have so much reading to do! Thanks for this list, Steve!

Elizabeth said...

Stein on Writing by Sol Stein. I wish I still had my copy.

Leigh Lundin said...

I agree with you, Steve. When I was trying to learn, the dearth of good material was disheartening. The local B&N store had only two small shelves upstairs and around a corner. I managed to find tidbits in perhaps 3 or 4 books. More recently I bought a book from Amazon by a college instructor that turned out to be terrible, absolutely awful

The first worthwhile book that comes to mind is Noah Lukeman’s The First Five Pages. I actually got it for free at the time. What a bargain.

Steve Liskow said...

Leigh,
I forgot about Lukeman's book. I made the mistake of loaning it out and it never came back. And Janice, I agree that writing is an individual thing, which is why it's so hard to teach. But I think you need to have the unpolished gift to pick up technique by reading and analyzing. It's like perfect pitch or an eye for color.

Another book I should mention because it DOES tap into individuality is Gabrielle Lusser Rico's Writing the Natural Way. That and Peter Elbow's works were where I first learned about clustering or webbing, which I still use in the early stages when I have no idea where I'm going on a story. I stole from Rico constantly in the late 80s to mid-90s when a few other books caught up with her.

My copy fell apart years ago, and I don't know if the book is even available anymore.

Jimena PatiƱo said...

Hello! I'm from Argentina and in my country i read an article that said something like: Can you theach how to become a writer? or you only can teach rules and techniques. I'm an amateur writer, so I really apreciate this post. Thank you very much for all the books that you mention!.

Steve Liskow said...

Jimena,

I'm always glad when someone thinks a post helps them. I hope you can find some of these books and that they really do help you. Good luck with your writing.

By the way, regarding my last comment, I discovered there is now a new edition of Writing the Natural Way available on Amazon. It's a very quirky book, but the original version back in the eighties helped several of my students.

Leigh Lundin said...

Good luck, Jimena, and thanks for chiming in.

If you have questions about writing, you can try posting them here or on our Facebook page. Thank you!

John Floyd said...

Interesting post!! My favorite books on writing: The First Five Pages (Noah Lukeman), On Writing (Stephen King), Telling Lies for Fun and Profit (Lawrence Block), and Self-Editing for Fiction Writers (Renni Browne and Dave King). Also, many of the others mentioned in this piece or in the comments, like Story, The Writer's Journey, Stein on Writing, Revision and Self-Editing, The Elements of Style. Some little-known gems: How to Become a Famous Writer Before You're Dead (Ariel Gore), The Plot Thickens (Noah Lukeman), Woe Is I (Patricia T. O'Conner), The Elephants of Style and Lapsing Into a Comma (Bill Walsh), Thanks, but This Isn't for Us (Jessica Page Morrell), Spider, Spin Me a Web (Lawrence Block), The Sense of Style (Steven Pinker), It Was the Best of Sentences, It Was the Worst of Sentences and Grammar Snobs Are Great Big Meanies (June Casagrande).

Michael Bracken said...

When I started writing, I read every book about the art, craft, and business I could get my hands on. I may have single-handedly kept Writers Digest Book Club in business for several years. These days, I find some of the best advice by scouring the Internet. One of the best sites about the art and craft of writing that I've been reading lately is Michael Noll's "Read to Write Stories" ( https://readtowritestories.com ).

(You might recognize Noll as the author of "The Tank Yard" in EQMM and reprinted in The Year's Best American Mystery Stories 2016.)